Crash – Initial Response

  1. Write a brief plot overview

Several connected stories are intertwined including race, class and gender over 72 hours in LA after 9/11.

2. Discuss a character that was of interest to you and explain why

A character that was of interest to me was Daniel. I think this was because at first he was portrayed as such a different character to how she was. At first, he was shown with a moustache, tattoos and working a pretty low paying job as a locksmith. We then saw him go home and have a daughter. He was such a loving dad, making her feel safe and tucking him in. He also jumped in front of a “bullet” for her. He was very likeable.

3. What do you believe the director’s intention was – explore this and the moments that allow you to experience this.

I think the director had a few intentions, but the main one was to break down stereotypes that we hold about people. We can see he had this intention because he casts the characters into their “stereotypes”. The rich white lady, the young black men as thugs, even a beautiful “naive” woman. He then leads you along a journey of all of these people following these stereotypes. Such as Dorri, who cracked under the pressure when the gun shop assistant was being rude and bought blanks accidentally. Or when Anthony discovers the van with Koreans people in the back. Instead of selling them, he decides to let them free and gives them money. “Look, here’s 30 bucks. Buy everybody chop suey.” These are all moments of breaking the preconceived ideas we had of the characters based on what they looked like and first impressions.

4. How did Haggis use stereotypes to manipulate viewers.

A bit like I said above, Haggis cast these people into roles that “fit them” and then through the plot unfolded their characters and showed how to everyone acts the way we think they “should”.

5. Discuss and research the setting of LA. Why do you think it was set there and how did it influence the plot/interactions.

The movie crash was set post 911. This affected the interactions that each character had significantly. By setting the movie after 911, we can truly see the heightened racial tension between “white Americans” and “foreigners”. “they think we’re Arab. When did Persian become Arab?”. We can see that people are stereotyping and assuming that all people who are foreign are from one race. It is ironic because if someone was to do that to an American they would be so offended.

6. Were there any cinematography techniques that stood out to you? Choose ONE and discuss its effect (presenting director’s intention, causing a viewer realisation…)

One technique that stood out to me was when Ryan was running towards the crash, and the camera was shaky and following him. I feel as if by using this technique it truly heightens the tension and we can see how “tense” the scene is.

Crash – Judgments

These two people look to be in high-end corporate jobs. I picture working in a skyscraper. I think this is because he’s wearing a suit and she looks to be wearing a nice dress. Definitely a couple also. Their clothing and jewellery led me to believe that they have a decent amount of money. They don’t really seem trustworthy to me. More like the people who will step on your toes to get what they want. I think they will be somewhat stuck up, classic white rich family.

I am sure to sure what profession these guys are in. They look to be young so possibly still studying or staying at homee before figuring out what to do in their lives. THe guy on the left looks like a gangsta because of his cornrows and the way he ismoving and the moustache. But the guy on the right looks more well done wearing a nice jacket it looks like. They do appear to be trustworthy to me as they look friendly. I think their personality would kind of be idgaf type vibe. Almost too cool for school.

She looks like the typical “im a mess” female. Works a well-paying job but is still single, possibly divorced. This is because this image portrays her as a “mess” almost will unmade hair and little to no makeup wearing a decently plain t-shirt. However she does look trustworthy and I this is because she has a nice face, and looks like the cool aunty. I think her personality would be loving and caring but also she does what she wants to get her way.

This man right here looks like a PE teacher. The lockers behind, receding hairline and what looks to be a tracksuit jumper leads me to these conclusions. He looks mean almost, maybe it is the bushy eyebrows. So no i don’t think he is trustworthy. He looks like he would threaten me with a not achieved if i wasn’t running fast enough. I think his personality is cold, stern, harsh and not so nice.

He is the bad guy in this film. He works at a car dealership and scams people of their money because he takes the good parts out of cars and replaces them for a bad part and then gives it back to the owner saying he “fixed it”. 100% not trustworthy. You can’t see much of his clothing but he looks to be middle aged and has a stern look on his face. He is the crazy man.

This man is the guy who just wants everyone to get along and he wants everyone to be happy. He also works a high-end corporate job and has money. You can see this because he is wearing a suit and has one of those posh scarves around his neck. He is loving and caring and very trustworthy. The father you never had.

Boss lady. She is the one you go to to get stuff done. She is determined, passionate and knows what is right. She is trustworthy as long as you stay on her side of the team. Profession, business of some sort. Her eyeliner leads me to believe she is bold.

He is only rich because of daddys money and he wears those little blue scarves because he thinks they look cool. He is sly and backstabbing, not one to trust at all. He doesn’t work, but possibly his family is in the drug business. He also has fountains outside of his house. THe lady beside him is his wife and her job is to look pretty.

He got the not acheieved from the pe teacher. But he doesnt work he is a student. A pretty basic guy off of the clothing he is wearing. But he is not trust worthy he would go and tell his homies anything you say.

2017 Close reading exam practice

Question One: Prose


Personification – “where the bank reared up high and the stream snaked…”

(b) Explain how this other language feature helps you to understand the boys’ experience within the setting. You might consider how a particular mood is created and/or sustained.

The text Into the River describes a journey two young boys are taking to explore a local river to find the big eels whilst hiding from a grumpy farmer. The boys’ experience throughout their journey is displayed as difficult and challenging, but rewarding once they achieve what they have been working for. Dawe demonstrate this idea by using language features such as personification and onomatopoeia.

By using personification, Dawe describes the stream like a snake, snaking through a series of deep pools. “where the bank reared up high and the stream snaked in a series of deep pools”. By personifies the stream to a snake, it not only describes the twisting and thin nature of the path that the boys were taking, but it also shows us something about their journey. A snake is a predatorial animal, sneaking in the background waiting to pounce on its prey. This is the same as the Goldsmith who lives in a farmhouse, who will scold the boys if they are seen on his land. This personification helps us to understand the boys challenging and tiring trip of having to hide from a man of power to get to their goal and it develops the tense mood as we hope the boys will not get caught.

The idea of the snake is developed further when Dawe describes the “hissing mud” where “in some places their fists sank deep”. By using the same concept of the snake (only this time demonstrating it through onomatopoeia) the predatorial mood is sustained. We still hold the idea that the boys are the prey of the Goldsmith and that they are in his land which is why the mud is hissing at them. Another example of onomatopoeia is the “cackle of some distant tui”. By using cackling it sounds as if the birds are almost laughing at the boys, and this sustains the idea that the boys are of the target of attack as they are trespassing in someone else’s land. This helps us to understand the experience the boys had as well, as not only is the course they are taking challenging, but they also have to deal with being a target and being looked down on by nature.

The poem Into the River explains to the reader something about environments and how they adapt. In this text, the environment was making it hard for the boys to get to see the big eels as it knew the Goldsmith does not allow the boys on his land. This is an interesting idea of how an owner can change its environment and in this case, the land has morphed into a tough place for the boys with snaking streams and mud so deep it hisses. The boys had a hard experience as the man above it all, the Goldsmith, controlled the land.

1.1 Practice

Macbeth is a play written in the 17th century. The plot describes the main character, Macbeth as a courageous, Scottish general who is rather benign in nature. It is when his inner desire to advance and gain power engrosses him that he changes and becomes a killing machine engrossed by guilt and paranoia. The deterioration of his mindset is shown through his hallucinations, use of metaphors and the weak foot of iambic pentameter.


Throughout the play, Macbeth encounters multiple apparitions that show him beginning to lose his sanity and seeing things that aren’t really there. When making the decision whether he was going to kill his king, King Duncan sees a ‘dagger’ before him. He exclaimed in shock “is that a dagger before me, the handle towards my hand. Come let me clutch thee. have thee not yet I thee still”. By hallucinating seeing a bloody dagger, the future instrument of his crime


 I met a traveller from an antique land A
Who said: Two vast and trunkless legs of stone B
Stand in the desert… near them, on the sand, A
Half sunk, a shattered visage lies, whose frown, C
And wrinkled lip, and sneer of cold command, A
Tell that its sculptor well those passions read D
Which yet survive, stamped on these lifeless things, E
The hand that mocked them and the heart that fed: D

And on the pedestal these words appear: F
‘My name is Ozymandias, king of kings: E
Look on my works, ye Mighty, and despair!’ F
Nothing beside remains. Round the decay G
Of that colossal wreck, boundless and bare F
The lone and level sands stretch far away G


Visual Language


Mis en Scene




Helix Staircase

Image result for double helix in gattaca

Modernist Architecture

  • Clean
  • Form = Function
  • Geometric
  • Cynicism
  • Looking away from God (self+science)
  • Utopia – progress moving forward

Second Place “Swimmer”

Double-breasted suits

Make connections

Supporting ideas

Ambition – resides in Jermone and Vincent

Gattaca talks about ambition is a virtue because Vinect achieved his goal whilst maintaining a high amount of moral


How does Andrew Niccol encode his ideas in the visual language of his film, Gattaca?

In the film, Gattaca, the director Andrew Niccol uses visual language for the watcher to unlock a deeper understanding of the movie and its concepts. In the house of Jerome, the staircase that leads to the second floor is in the shape of a helix. To understand the meaning behind the helix we have to know about the movie and what it is about. Gattaca is a movie which is set in the future where human genetic engineering is the new norm. Babies are designed to have the best possible traits without defects. Even the title Gattaca hints towards human DNA, being named after the 4 nucleobases in human DNA. Eugenics is a set of beliefs and practices which aims to improve the human genetic. In Gattaca, society discriminates against those who are not genetically designed and are conceived naturally. Victor was of natural birth, which means the only job that he would ever be able to get at Gattaca is a cleaner. To fulfil his dream od being going to space he takes the identity of Jerome who is genetically perfect, apart from the fact that he is disabled. Victor lives the dream of Jerome. The helix staircase in Jermone’s house hints towards the double helix structure of DNA. The fact that the staircase is in Jerome’s house yet Vincent is the only one who is able to use represents Vincent ‘using’ Jeromes DNA. The staircase is a link to the roots of the film, which are embedded in DNA and Eugenics and allows the viewer to make links within the text.

Macbeth Scene Analysis’ (Act 1)


Setting: a camp near Forres

Characters in the scene and Character development:

  1. Duncan – The King of Scotland
  2. Malcom – Duncan’s older son
  3. Donalbain – Duncan’s younger son
  4. Captain – The Captain the Duncans army
  5. Lenox and Rosse – Noble men

In this scene, Macbeth taking Macdonwald as prisoner is described. “unseemed him fro, the nave to th’ chops”. This quote describes Macbeth putting his sword in Macdonwald and “unseeming him” so dragging his sword from the bottom of his body to his mouth.

Macbeth is courageous, brave, an action taker and loyal. Macdonwald was a traitor as he was aligned with Norway. The Norwegians and the Scots have a rivalry due to the proximity of their countries as seen below.

Image result for scotland and norway ancient rivalry
Norway’s proximity to Scotland

The Captain comes into the room in so much blood he can hardly be recognised. The captain describes the state of the battle against Norway and Scotland. Norwegians are invading and there are two Scottish rebels who have aligned themselves with Norwegians. These people are Macdonwald and the Thane of Cawdor. There have been two extremely brave Scottish noble men (Macbeth who is the Thane of Glamis and Banquo).

The second half of the scene is when The Thane of Ross arrives and talks about how Macbeth defeated the Norwegian King who is begging for a truce. Duncan then says the the traitor, Thane of Cawdor must die and that Macbeth will take his title and become the Thane Of Cawdor.

QUOTE: ” As two spent swimmers, that do cling together”

This quote is showing that the battle was at a standstill and that they were even, as two spent swimmers are drowning each other and dragging each other down.


Setting : a Heath

Image result for a heath
Example of a Heath.

Characters in the Scene :

  1. Duncan – King of Scotland
  2. Witches – 1,2 and 3
  3. Macbeth – A general in the Kings army (Thane of Glamis)
  4. Banquo – A general
  5. Rosse – Scottish nobleman
  6. Angus – Scottish nobleman

The witches have reappeared in the scene after taking revenge. They run into Macbeth and Banquo as they are making their way from the battlefield. The witches make three prophecies. The first and second prophecies say that Macbeth will be given the role of Thane of Cawdor, and then the King. The last prophecy says that Banquo will be the father to future kings, though he himself will not be ruling Scotland. “Your children shall be kings.”

Then the witches disappear. Ross and Angus show up and confirm the news of the witches first prophecy, that Macbeth is now the Thane Of Cawdor. Macbeth is confused and he ponders on whether he will full upon the crown or whether he will have to kill or fight for the title.

QUOTE: So foul and fair a day I have not seen.

This oxymoron was used at the very start of the play as well by the witches. This shows that Macbeth is already under the powers of the witches, had not even met them before. It leaves the audience wondering and their thoughts being provoked.

Act 1 Scene 4

Setting: A room in the King’s palace

Characters in the scene:

  1. Duncan – The King of Scotland
  2. Malcolm- Duncan’s older son
  3. Banquo – A general
  4. Macbeth – A general in the Kings army (Thane of Glamis)

Duncan is at the king’s palace and hears the news of the execution of Macdonwald from Malcolm. Malcolm passes on the message that Macdonwald dies “nobly”. He means this because Macdonwald confessed to his crimes. Macbeth and Banquo enter along with Ross and Angus. Duncan is very grateful for the general’s actions on the battlefield. They declare their loyalty and gratitude towards the king.

Duncan shares how he plans to name Malcolm the heir of the throne. Macbeth declares his joy, but then thinks to himself aside. He says:

QUOTE: The Prince of Cumberland! that is a step On which I must fall down, or else o’er-leap For in my way it lies. Stars, hide your fires! Let not light see my black and deep desires: The wink at the hand; yet let that be Which the eye fears, when it is done, to see.

This quote is Macbeth noting that Malcolm (prince of Cumberland) stands between him and the crown. He is in a way asking the stars to hide their light so they don’t see his terrible desires. He also states that he won’t let his eye look at what is hand is doing. This means he will no look if he has to kill anyone in his way… Malcolm in this case. But in the end, he will do the thing he is horrified to see.

Plans are then made for Duncan to dine at Macbeth’s castle that evening. Macbeth then goes on to inform his wife of the king coming to their castle.


Setting: A room in Macbeth’s palace

Characters in the scene:

  1. Messenger: Sends messages
  2. Macbeth: A general in the Kings army
  3. Lady Macbeth: Macbeth’s spouse

This scene starts with Lady Macbeth entering the room reading a letter from Macbeth. The letter announces Macbeth’s promotion to the Than Of Cawdor and also talks about his encounter with the witches. Lady Macbeth murmurs to her self about Macbeth being ambitious, but she is scared he is too full of “th’ milk of human kindness” to take the steps to become king. She makes the decision she is going to convince Macbeth that he must do anything to seize the crown. A messenger arrives and tells Lady Macbeth that King Duncan is on his way. As she waits for her husband she says:

QUOTE: You spirits that tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here, and fill me from the crown to the toe top-full of direst cruelty.

This quote is Lady Macbeth resolving to the fact that she is going to put her femininity to one side, and do the things as gruesome in order to seize the crown for her husband.

Macbeth then enters the room and they have a conversation regarding the King’s soon arrival. Macbeth mentions how Duncan will be leaving the next day. Lady Macbeth declares that Duncan will not live to see the next day. She tells Macbeth he needs to have patience and leave the plan for her to figure out.


Setting: Outside Macbeth’s castle

Character in the scene:

  1. Duncan – King of Scotland
  2. Banquo – A general
  3. Lady Macbeth – Macbeth’s spouse

Duncan, the Scottish Lords and their attendants enter outside Macbeth’s castle. Duncan notices and complements the pleasant environment of the castle.

QUOTE: This castle hath a pleasant seat: the air Nimbly and sweetly recommends itself Unto our gentle senses.

Lady Macbeth emerges to greet them and Duncan thanks her for hosting them. She then states how it is her ‘duty’ to serve the King as he has done so much for her and Macbeth. Duncan asks to be lead inside to see Macbeth. Duncan states he loves Macbeth dearly and thinks of Macbeth him dearly.


Setting: A room in Macbeth’s castle

Character in the scene:

  1. Macbeth: A general in the King’s army
  2. Lady Macbeth: Macbeth’s spouse

Macbeth is sitting in the castle alone, thinking over the murder of King Duncan. He over complicates things. If it was only a matter of killing the king with no backlashes then it would be easy, but afterwards, there will be many consequences seeing as it is the King. It gets even worse because if they were to kill Duncan in Macbeth’s house it would be a major breach of hospitality.

QUOTE: He’s here in double trust: First, as I am his kinsman and his subject, Strong both against the deed: then, as his host, Who should against his murderer shut the door, Not bear the knife myself.

This quote is explaining that Duncan has two reasons to trust Macbeth. He is part of his family (cousin) and he is also a subject (as in he is in the kingdom). But he also is his host. And it would be a major breach of hospitality if he was to let the murderer in let alone be the muderer hiself.

Macbeth’s duty is to protect the king not to kill him. Duncan is not even a bad king. Macbeth knows that heaven will frown upon him murdering a good man such as Duncan.

QUOTE: I have no spur to prick the sides of my intent, but only Vaulting ambition, which o’erleaps itself, And falls on th’ other.

Macbeth is saying that he has nothing to spur him on other than the vaulting ambition of becoming King, which overtakes all over ambitions.

QUOTE: We will proceed no further in this business: He hath honoured me of late, and I have bought Golden opinions from all sorts of people, Which would be worn now in their newest gloss, Not cast aside so soon.

Macbeth comes to the conclusion that it is not a good idea to commit murder. He has barely any justification to kill Duncan. Duncan has honoured him recently and he has now great respect from many people. He wants to enjoy it while it is new and no cast aside so soon.

Lady Macbeth then enters the room. She ‘tells him off’ for his words, questioning his manhood. She gives him right telling off. She lays out a plan to get the guards of Duncan drunk and frame them for murder. She says if Macbeth can’t keep his vow then he isn’t a real man. Macbeth decides to go through with the murder, due to his wife show if strength.